Metatarsalgia is an inadequate phrase for a very common condition in athletes. It's a phrase that unfortunately will get employed a great deal but is a reasonably meaningless word and diagnosis. The phrase is compared to, for example, diagnosing you've got a sore knee. That sore knee might be on account of any one of multiple different conditions. Metatarsalgia indicates symptoms in the metatarsals or forefoot, therefore it may always be due to a variety of different problems. That's the reason the word is indeed useless.
The explanation for the symptoms may be a callus of your skin under the ball of the foot; it could be a impinged nerve that causes shooting type discomfort; it may be a fat pad atrophy which causes troubles with standing and walking; or maybe it might be arthritis type conditions within the joints in the ball of the foot. Each one of these possible causes of metatarsalgia are usually very different to one another with various signs and symptoms and diverse reasons that simply serves to demonstrate just what a awful term it is to make use of.
One of the most common cause of discomfort in the forefoot is a problem referred to as a plantar plate tear. This is a strain of the soft tissue underneath the metattarsophalangeal joints in the forefoot that can progress to a little tear. The pain is often on the joint on the underside of the foot and just distal to the joint. Commonly it's the second metatarsophalangeal joint, but it can affect each of the joints. It's more common in those who run more. The problem starts off as a minor discomfort that is typically ignored, however this will progress until there's a treatment began as it does not recover by itself.
Usually the treatment of a plantar plate tear is to use strapping to hold the joint in a plantarflexed or downward posture to stop it from bending up therefore the strain has a rest. A rocker sole footwear or a footwear which is more rigid could also help do this. If this helps, it does tend to take a long time and perseverance is required. When it is not going to help, then a number of plantar plate tears require a surgery treatment.